Dictes Sabyon

Transcription by: Barbara Magolon & David B. Patterson

Unfortunately images of these texts cannot be reproduced.  Please find the original copies of the four versions of the text by following these links: 1477, 1480, 1489, 1528.


Sabyon’s section from Dictes and Sayeings of the Philosophres.  Collated version tracking the differences between the four editions of this text (1477, 1480, 1489, 1528).


sAbyon(1)    Possibly Zenon of Citium (c. 344-262 BCE) or Zeno of Elea (c. 490-430 BCE) Sutton 2006 was a grete deffendour of his neyghbours and hadde certayn frendes / whiche a king wolde slee(2)    Slay And whan the sayde sabyon vnderstode it he went with them in resistence of the(3)    1489, 1528: that sayd king whiche king assembled so grete nombre of knyghtes ayenst him / that he was discomfit(4)    Defeated and taken / and was commannded to be put in engyne(5)    Some sort of torture device and tormented / withoute he wolde accuse them that wer consenting to make werre ayenst the king / whiche Sabyon ansuerd that for no payne / he wold not telle that thing / that shulde noye his frendes / And in dede beyng in the engyne cut his tong with his owne teth / to thentent that he myght not accuse his felowes and frendes   And the sayd sabyon lyued + xlviij + yere / and her after folowed of his seynges to his disciples   And sayd if ye lese eny thing say not ye haue lost it but saye ye haue restored that was not youres   And sayde to one of his disciples / mul tiplie thy frendes and that shal asswage thy care   And sayde a wyseman ought to be ware + howe he weddeth a fayre woman for euery man wil desire to haue her loue / And so they wol seke their pleasirs + to the hurt and displeasir of her housband   And sayd + Delectacion in richesse is a dangerous vice / And there cam one of his seruauntis vn to him on a tyme and tolde him that his sone was dede + and(6)    1480 om. he ansuerd that he knewe wel that he was mortal and not immortal and a man ought not to drede the deth of the body + but the deth of the saule + Oonn asked why he said soo + considering that he helde thoppynion(7)    Common practice was to combine words into one. that a resonable saule myght not dye he aunswerd whan a resonable saule is conuerted to the nature of a beste withoute vse of reason al be it that it be sustaunce incorruptible + yet is she reputed for dede / for she leseth the Intellectif lyffe + he founde a yong pouer man sitting vpon the see syde wepyng(8)    1528: wepyng for thaduersitees of this worlde + to whom he saide + dyspaire the(9)    1489: that not + for if thou were with grete richesse in the myddel of yendre see in grete danger of thy body + and of thy goodis / thou wolde wisshe right hertily to be here with oonely thy lyfe saued + Also + and if thou were prisoner + and the kepers wold selle the + and take from the all that euer thou haddest thou woldest be gladde to haue oonely the delinraunce of thy body + the yong man aunswerd that he tolde him trouth + wele than saide Sabionn vnto hym + nowe thynke than that thou hast ben in all this(10)      1528: that danger and hast ascaped them + and art nowe at thy free liberte + therfore holde the content with the state that thou nowe standest in + And so the yong man departed gretely reecomforted +

Annotations   [ + ]

1.    Possibly Zenon of Citium (c. 344-262 BCE) or Zeno of Elea (c. 490-430 BCE) Sutton 2006
2.    Slay
3.    1489, 1528: that
4.    Defeated
5.    Some sort of torture device
6.    1480 om.
7.    Common practice was to combine words into one.
8.    1528: wepyng for
9.    1489: that
10.      1528: that